02 Jun

Diseases from the field of dermatology are very often observed in both dogs and cats, regardless of their age. Practice shows that one in five patients who come to the clinic for a routine checkup or health complaints are diagnosed with some kind of dermatological disease, according to their owner.

Sometimes a dermatological problem is not life-threatening in nature, and sometimes the opposite can attract a whole host of other diseases. And the first thing the owner needs to do if there is any sign of a symptomatic picture is to go to the clinic for help in time. There, your pet will be examined, all the necessary tests will be prescribed, including taking a medical history. Your pet will also be scheduled for:

Trichoscopy is one of the simplest and most effective methods of diagnosing skin diseases. It is done by examining hairs taken from the cat or dog under a microscope. This method can detect not only the presence of parasites but also fungal skin infections, determining the phase of the disease. Taking the material is completely painless for the pet, the analysis itself does not require much time or effort, and the result is accurate.

Diagnosis of Wood (a special lamp) or as we are accustomed to hear LUM - using this approach you can determine the tetter in the pet. It is carried out by this method, when the normal light in the room are turned off, and instead a special lamp is turned on and directed to the skin of the animal. It is under the influence of such light is well seen lichen on the skin of cats and dogs. 

The color of the lichen with this color will have a lettuce hue. But since there are other substances that can dye the coat in a similar color, this method is prescribed as an additional or other methods are used.Examination with paper (moistened) - this method is used as an additional method to detect fleas in the animal. It is carried out by this method, when the wet paper is combed out of the pet's coat everything that can be on it. And if something gets on the paper, this material must be examined. Red-colored divorces on the paper indicate that it was fleas.

Examination of the scrape and swab - using a specially designed glass. It is placed on the affected area of the skin and then examined. Do not be frightened when your pet's skin is scratched a little - this is necessary for analysis. This method will give an opportunity to determine the presence of cytological, bacterial and fungal infections. It is always included among the mandatory tests related to dermatology. The effectiveness is high, the result is fast, you will not have to wait long.TIB-thin-needle biopsy of the skin - this method is used to study the skin, cellular composition of the skin, determining the inflammatory process, separating it from the tumor. As the material is studied punctate, which is taken with a very thin needle. After it is stained, the material is examined with a microscope.Skin biopsy - carried out as a complementary method. The material taken is examined histologically in a laboratory. The analysis result either confirms the presence of histology or refutes it.

Mycological examination

When a special nutrient medium is used - this method is used when microsporia and trichophytosis are suspected. In this method, the affected hair is placed on a special medium, and then it is studied. It will take from 1 to 2 weeks for such a study.

They will study a culture of the animal's skin in order to prescribe a more suitable and effective drug that can defeat the bacterial infection.Skin allergy tests will be taken - this method is used to diagnose allergic skin problems. The test is performed under the influence of anesthesia on the animal by injecting allergens under the skin in a certain area of the skin. It is carried out to determine the cause of the allergic reaction, followed by a vaccine.Based on all of the above methods of examination of skin diseases, there are many of these methods. And they all have their effectiveness, their goal and give their result. In any case, they are effective and will help to determine both the disease itself and to understand its cause.